Isegoría, No 49 (2013)

Derechos humanos: estatistas, no cosmopolitas


https://doi.org/10.3989/isegoria.2013.049.06

Julio Montero
Universidad de Buenos Aires-Conicet, Argentina

Resumen


La visión imperante en el derecho internacional actual concibe los derechos humanos como normas relativas al trato que los Estados brindan a su propia población. Esta posición, que se conoce como la “perspectiva estatista” sobre los derechos humanos, es actualmente resistida por varios autores. En este artículo intentaré defender la perspectiva estatista contra una serie de críticas recientemente formuladas por Cristina Lafont en Isegoría y en otras importantes revistas especializadas. En particular, trataré de probar que, contrariamente a lo que Lafont argumenta, esta perspectiva captura adecuadamente la razón de ser de la práctica contemporánea de los derechos humanos y dispone de recursos para resguardar los intereses de los seres humanos de las nuevas amenazas surgidas en un mundo globalizado.

Palabras clave


Derechos humanos; cooperación internacional; instituciones de gobernanza global; sistema de Estados; soberanía

Texto completo:


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