Isegoría, No 55 (2016)

La biología sintética y el imperativo de mejoramiento


https://doi.org/10.3989/isegoria.2016.055.06

Antonio Diéguez
Universidad de Málaga, España

Resumen


La biología sintética encierra un enorme potencial transformador de los organismos vivos, incluyendo en un futuro quizás no muy lejano la transformación del propio genoma humano. Son claras las conexiones que pueden establecerse entre este enorme potencial transformador y las pretensiones de los partidarios del biomejoramiento humano. La construcción de genomas completamente sintéticos puede cambiar de forma definitiva e irreversible aspectos fundamentales de la vida humana, quizás hasta el punto de dar lugar a un organismo que difiera de nuestra especie como ahora nosotros podemos diferir de los grandes simios. En este artículo se discuten los principales pros y contras que ha suscitado este debate, señalando algunos de los presupuestos más problemáticos de las propuestas recientes sobre el biomejoramiento humano.

Palabras clave


Biología sintética; biomejoramiento humano; transhumanismo; biotecnología

Texto completo:


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Referencias


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